Demand-Supply projections and gaps for major food grains, edible oils and sugar, India


Commodities Year Supply projection Demand projection Deficit (-)/ surplus(+)
Rice 2020 108.1 111.8 -3.7
2030 122.1 122.4 -0.3
Wheat 2020 104.2 98.3 5.9
2030 128.8 114.6 14.2
Coarse cereals 2020 50.4 42.5 7.9
2030 64.2 47.2 17.0
Total cereals 2020 262.6 252.6 10.0
2030 315.1 284.2 30.9
Pulses 2020 20.7 27.7 -7
2030 26.4 36.4 -10
Food grains 2020 281.2 274.4 6.8
2030 338.8 310.8 28.0
Edible Oils 2020 12.5 17.0 -4.5
2030 19.1 21.3 -2.1
Sugar 2020 33.4 33.1 0.3
2030 40.3 39.2 1.1


Demand-Supply projections and gaps for high-value food commodities, India


Commodities Year Supply projection Availability after counting post Harvest loss Demand projection Deficit (-)/ surplus(+) Postharvest losses (%)
Vegetables 2020 186.4 141.7 154.8 -13.1 23.99
2030 210.5 160.0 192.0 -32.0
Fruits 2020 97.7 78.2 80.9 -2.7 20.00
2030 116.4 93.1 103.0 -9.9
Milk 2020 156.6 148.7 138.3 6.3 5.03
2030 188.7 179.2 170.4 8.8
Poultry & bovine meat 2020 6.6 6.3 6.8 -0.5 4.98
2030 8.4 8.0 9.2 -1.2
Eggs 2020 4.7 4.5 4.4 0.1 5.02
2030 6.2 5.9 5.8 0.1
Fish 2020 10.2 8.7 8.2 0.5 15.05
2030 13.9 11.9 11.1 0.8