Green gram also known as Mung bean is one of the important pulse crops in India and is cultivated throughout Asia, including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, South China, and Formosa. It is a short duration drought resistant legume crop suitable for cultivation in all seasons and is grown mostly as a fallow crop in rotation with rice and also predominantly used as an intercrop with other crops.
Green gram is a protein rich staple food, contains about 25 percent protein, which is almost three times that of cereals and is particularly rich in Leucine, Phenylalanine, Lysine, Valine, Isoleucine, etc.
It is consumed in the form of split pulse as well as whole pulse, which is an essential supplement of cereal based diet. In addition to being an important source of human food and animal feed, green gram also plays an important role in sustaining soil fertility by improving soil physical properties and fixing atmospheric nitrogen.
The total area under green gram during 2017-18 was 41 lakh hectare with a production of 19 Lakh tonnes. There has been phenomenal increase in area of mungbean in the country from 2015-16 onwards.
Major Contributing states in terms of area and production
More than 80 per cent of mung bean production comes from Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, Karnataka, TN, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Telangana
Rajasthan contributed a significant 42.23 per cent of the total green gram area and 39.06 per cent of total production in the country, thereby ranking first both in area and production.
Maharashtra (11.13 per cent) and Madhya Pradesh (11.57 per cent) ranking second in terms of area and production respectively.
More than 80 per cent of mung bean production comes from 10 states of Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Bihar, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and Telangana.
Crop Calendar in India: