The potato reached India in the late 16th and early 17th centuries, most likely aboard ships from Portugal. Today, India ranks as the world's third largest potato producing nation, with production in 2007 of around 26 million tonnes. In India, the aloo is not primarily a rural staple but a cash crop that provides significant income for farmers.
Climate and Cultivation
The best time of planting is when the maximum and minimum temperatures are from 30o C to 32o C and 18o C to 20oC, respectively. Potato varieties suited to the country's climate - hot summers and short winters - are grown on the Indo-Gangetic plain during the short winter days from October to March, while some year-round production takes place in relatively high altitude areas in the south.
Top ten Potato producing states of Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Karnataka, Haryana, Jharkhand, Assam.
Varieties: Kufii Sindhuri, Kufri Chandramukhi, Kufri Jyoti, Kufri Dewa, Kufri Babar, Kufri Lalirna, Kufri S \vaina, Kufri Megha, Kufri Ashoka, Kufri Jawahar, Kufri Sultej.
Agra, Hathras, Kanpur, Meerut, Farukkhabad, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Phul, Patiala, Ujjain, Indore, Dewas, Hoogly, Burdwan, Howrah etc are the major trading centers of Potato.
Srilanka, United Arab Emirates, Singapore, Seychelles, United States of America, Qatar, Malaysia etc are the exporting countries of Potato.
Netherlands, Poland, Belarus, United Kingdom, China, India, Russian Federation, Ukraine, United States etc. are the importing countries of Potato.