Red Gram

About Red Gram
Red gram is an important pulse crop in India. It is also known as Pigeonpea or Arhar or Tur. Red gram is mainly cultivated and consumed in developing countries of the world. This crop is widely grown in India. India is the largest producer and consumer of Red gram in the world.

Climate and cultivation
Red gram is mostly cultivated as a kharif crop in India while rabi season cultivation is in practice in the eastern parts. Red gram can withstand high temperatures but the threshold temperature for germination is 13o C. It can withstand up to 35o to 40o C provided soil moisture is adequate.
It can be grown under variable soil moisture conditions, with rainfall ranging from 60cm to 140cm. However, higher yields can be realized with irrigation particularly during critical stages including flowering and pod filling. Crop duration varies from 120-150 days depending on the varieties and area of cultivation. Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajastan, Haryana, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Bihar are the producing red gram states.

Varieties
• Kharif varieties are LRG 30, LRG 41, Maruti (ICP 8863), ICPL 85063 Lakshmi, Abhaya ICPL 332 ICPL 87119 (Asha), PRG 158,
• Rabi varieties are LRG 30 LRG 41, ICPL 41, 332(Abhaya), ICPL 84031 (Durga)
• Very early maturing (115 to 125 days) – ICPL-87, ICPL-151, TAT-10
• Early maturing (130 to 150 days) – T.Vishakha-1, TT-6, AKT – 8811
• Medium duration (155 to 170 days) – badnapur-1 or 2 BSMR-736, BSMR-175
• Long duration (above 180 days ) ICPL- 87119, C-11

The major exporters of red gram are Myanmar, Dominican Republic and Malawi. However, India, Trinidad, Venezuela, Nepal and Mauritius are the major importers.